today I was trying hard to understand basics behind the coordinates that are used for stars and other celestial objects, once you grasp some basics you will get it, important part is the equinox and the “mechanics” that are behind it.
Basicly what you see on the left gif is the celestial sphere around the Earth (most of these things are geocentric since it is easier). Red line is the ecliptic. This is basicly the line that Sun follows over year, of course such motion is purely apparent but it is important to remember this one.
The white-green lines are the lines of equatorial coordinate system. The middle should be Earth’s equator though it does not match it much.
There are two points in which ecliptic and equator intersect. These points are called spring
equinox and autumn equinox. When Sun passes through them the day is everywhere on whole Earth the same as the night. You already know that this happens happens twice a year, once for each equinox.
I will get to the coordinates in another post, hope you enjoyed this one 😉