WTF? A conspiracy? 5) Not parallel shadows

here it comes, here it goes! Another debunking of the Moon hoax. As for now I already covered 4 “arguments” and you can check them on my other posts, just to see how silly they are.
Flag flapping in the breeze. Deadly radiation of Van Allen belts. Copied backgrounds of NASA images and Erased stars on the pictures + the prologue of those series.

So today I continue and this time I chose the argument of non-parallel shadows on the pictures by NASA.

As you can see on the picture which was taken on Moon the shadows seem very strange. The yellow lines clearly show that the light is much closer to the objects and the Sun would not cast such shadows. This clearly means that those photos are faked and we never went to the Moon.

Ok here comes the fun part again. The hoaxers forgot on thing named: perspective.
The thing is that the Moon is 3D while the photo is just two dimensional. This makes some strange things such as those shadows. Actually I found one debunker to have on his page this photo so, thanks to him. If you viewed this from birds view you would clearly see that those shadows are parallel but from ground and on picture it seems as the shadows head into different directions, so if you dont believe that the Earth is hoaxed you should be convinced. If not you can try it for yourself. Plus if there is some downhill it can be distorted even more.

Thats about it. Thanks for reading.


WTF? A conspiracy? 2) No stars there?

so again I continue with another post about conspiracy theory.
Ok, those people who think that Apollo was faked mission give as an argument that there are no stars visible on the photos. This would mean that those pictures are faked because NASA was not able to count where would those stars be from the Moon and rather decided to erase them completely.

Ok as you can see or rather you can not see any stars on this official picture by NASA. Why is this? Well the answer is easy: if you ever tried to taky any photos of something which was in dark, like in forest but you were standing on the field and the Sun was shining, you already know the answer. When you take such photo you wont be able to see practicly anything in the forest, it will be just black while the rest of the image mainly white.

This is what happened on the Moon, you can easily see the stars there the problem is that the camera can not because everything else: the Moon’s surface, Sun, Earth has such greater apparent magnitude that those stars will just dissapear.

Before the end I will just give here the citation from Phil Plait’s Bad Astronomy: “The lunar landscape is brightly lit by the Sun, of course, and your friend is wearing a white spacesuit also brilliantly lit by the Sun. To take a picture of a bright object with a bright background, you need to set the exposure time to be fast, and close down the aperture setting too; that’s like the pupil in your eye constricting to let less light in when you walk outside on a sunny day. ”

Ok that all for me today, hope you guys dont trust those hoax folks.
To read about Flag flapping in the breeze, read this.


Apollo missions: Apollo 9

today I am here again with Apollo missions, this time as yApollo-9-patch.pngou can see I will write about Apollo 9.

Again there were three persons in this third manned flight: James A. McDivitt who was captain and this was his second flight. David R. Scott was module pilot and also, this was his second flight. Russel L. Schweickart was flying for the first time ever. (You can see the crew below from right to left McDivitt…)

Posádka Apolla 9 (zleva: McDivitt, Scott a Schweickart)This mission started on the day of 3rd March 1969 at 16:00. Plan was to go around Earth few times and measure some stuff about our planet and take multi-spectral photos of Earth. Also it was planned that Schweickart will go out of spacecraft and over to other modul but he was space sick so it was not achieved (It is called EVA = extra vehicular activity). They also tested new spacesuit which had its own life support system.

They also moved both parts (lunar module and captain module) apart for more than 6 hours and then successfully joined it back together. Whole mission lasted ten days and one hour before they splashed down near Bahamas.

This was yet another successful mission which was another step to land on Moon.


Apollo missions: Apollo 8

Hi, nášivka
two months after Apollo 7 NASA launched next mission: Apollo 8. It was December 21st of 1968 when Borman, Lovell and Anders sat in Saturn V rocket. Uniqueness of this crew is that captain (Borman) was not the most experienced member because Lovell was already on two missions while Borman only on one.

This mission skipped some other plans of NASA right to testing all modules n the orbit around Moon. This was because of such a little time for finishing main mission, landing on Moon with men.
Even that there was such a sudden change in program, Borman and his crew spent 7 hours on simulator for each hour of the flight.

Mission was 6 days long. It was going without problems, they used three stages of fuel so they got up on Earth´s orbit and then for two and half an hour they were checking if everything is going well. They were also rotating rocket so they could take some pictures of Earth, they were first human who saw whole Earth.

Since they crossed radiation belt they received about 1.6 miligray (Maybe I will talk about that next time) while normal dose on Earth per year is 2-3 mGy.

Through whole flight spacecraft had to be rotating because without atmosphere heat shield would crack because of high temperatures (200 °C) and on the other side it would be freezing (-100 °C).

Because crew had some sleep problems Borman after few hours of sleep woke ill and then he was vomiting. It was very difficult to clean it up because of no gravity and he wanted not everybody to know.

After orbiting the moon and collecting data they made re-entry (most dangerous part of flight) to Earth´s atmosphere as is shown on the picture.


Apollo missions: Apollo 7

Before I start to talk about Apollo 7 I will try to explain why I skiped 2,3,4,5,6.
The reason is that before Apollo 1 there were not piloted missions: AS-201, AS-202 and AS-203 and they were renamed to Apollo 1A (wifes of dead astronauts did not wish to Apollo 1 name be used again), Apollo 2, Apollo 3 so next not piloted mission was called Apollo 4.

So just briefly: Apollo 4 was mission for test of heat shield.
Apollo 5 test of lunar modul on the orbit of Earth.
Apollo 6 second test of rocket Saturn V, there was problem in starting of third level of rocket so it had to land which was done without any problems.
Apollo 7 mission started 11th October 1968 and it was long about 11 days. It was first piloted mission which was completed in the program Apollo and also first which was seen in the TV.
Again there were three men: Walter Marty Schirra who was captain and this was his third mission, he is only astronaut who was in Mercury, Gemini and Apollo programs.
There was Donn Fulton Eisele and this was his first flight. And Walter Cunnigham (also first flight).

This mission was for the test of two new sections in the rocket and it was under way without any major problems. This mission was extremely important after catastrophe almost two years before.

There were couple of experiments running.
1) Scanning of Earth for geology, meteorology, hydrology.
2) Change in astronauts bones: there was less calcium.
3) Change in astronauts blood count (how much white and red blood cells there is in blood)
4) Blood pressure

While everything happened well enough there were some arguments between astronauts and between guys on Earth, that concluded into Donn´s and Walter´s ban for another missions.
Also even that all of them had their favorite food they had problems with it because it was too sweet and caloric and also all of them got flu on this mission.Posádka Apolla 7 (zleva: Eisele, Schirra a Cunningham)

163 turns around Earth were made


PS: here you can check my previous post on Apollo 1:
and here my prologue about Apollo program:

Apollo missions: Apollo 1

Let´s talk about first piloted mission of the program Apollo. Before this one there were other missions but without people (AS 201,AS 202,AS 203). Apollo 1 was planned for 21st February 1967 but it ended before it could even start.Apollo 1 patch.png

There were three guys in this mission
Virgil Ivan Grissom, Edward Higgins White, Roger Bruce Chaffee. All of them were experienced pilots from planes or Gemini missions… Grissom was captain.

So in 27th January there was one of many tests while this one was essential for leaving Earth month later.
Main problem with this mission was that it was made in great hurry so that NASA could finish goal made by president Kennedy. Guys who made cabin did that with flammable materials and NASA knew that. Problem was that it would need complete rebuilt of whole cabin to repair those problems and lot of money. So they decided to not to do anything with that.Posádka Apollo 1 - Grissom, White, Chaffee

All three members of crew knew that there are some mistakes and they were trying to point them out. Even that day of 27th January it was planned that Joe Shea will be present in this test inside rocket but he refused saying that he can watch from bunker. Slayton (guy who was candidate for astronaut) said that he will be there but finally he was not because there was not much free space inside.

Start of test had to be delayed because crew sensed some strange odor. Some guys checked it and it seemed that nothing is wrong. Cabin was full of pure oxygen with 110% atmospheric pressure which was purposeful to see if there are any gaps in cabin. Anyway you can probably see what happened now. First they had problems with radio connection and Grissom was saying something like this: “How can we land on Moon if we are not able to talk across three rooms!” Than some spark around Grissom´s seat made fire and it took five minutes before under-pressured cabin could be opened which was too late.

This was huge wound to NASA because it was first missions with people and it did not even started. Luckily next time it was much better prepared.


Apollo missions: Prologue

let´s talk about most famous space missions: Apollo missions!
Those are missions under the program called Apollo which was named after Greek god Apollo (god driving across sky).
This program was started in 1961 but it took six years before first missions (with people) was launched.
Program started in USA while president Eisehower was holding the seat. NASA did not get much money so it took president Kennedy and Gagarin on orbit before they could start some research. It was in time of cold war so there was even greater “fight” between USA and SSSR. When soviet astronaut first appeared on orbit american prestige went down.
BUT lot of people agreed that they should give some money to NASA and Kennedy promised that before next decade there will be human who was on surface of Moon.

And well, in 1969 Apollo 11 really landed on Moon with crew of Buzz, Armstrong and Collins.
Kennedy thought that after landing USA would become the uniting state but actually the effect of landing was not that strong even that it surely was extremely epic.
Anyway next posts I will talk about some missions and than some more, for prologue it is all.