in the last post I was writing about the contest I was one, so check it out if you have not already.
It was pretty cool, and I got surprised at how the kids discussed with me so many things on my presentation.
Those were the questions I mentioned last post:
- Name 3 astronauts
- What is astronomical unit and what is light year
- Name 3 missions (Apollo and other count as 1)
- Name 4 constellations that are visible in Czech Republic
- Highest mountain in Solar System and where it is
- Where do comets come from?
- Difference between meteorite, meteor, meteoroid and asteroid.
- … (and other)
These were for younger kids and there were two more though I can not remember them..
The first question was normally quite ok, though not always they got 3. Of course most said Armstrong and Gagarin and some people said Vladimír Remek who is the first Czech astronaut.
Astronomical unit is distance from Earth to Sun and light year is the distance the light travels in one year. I thought that those would be very easy but actually to my surprise the kids usually knew what light year is but not AU, though I would guess rather the opposite.
Three missions? Most said Apollo and Sputnik (really, why Sputnik?). Some said the third which was for example Curiosity.
Four constellations are Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Leo, Orion… and so on, we did not approve parts of constellation like Big Dipper which is just part of Ursa Major.
Olympus Moons on Mars.. few kids new this.
Nobody knew both Kuiper belt and Oort cloud I think and some teams knew one, this was kind of hard I guess.
You already know the difference from one of my posts!
Questions for older kids:
- What is afelium and perihelium
- Name all Galilean moons and give a small info for one of them
- What is HR diagram
- (Lot of pictures about life time of star)
- Draw the orbit of typicall comet and draw both tails and name one place where they come from.
- What is the heaviest element that fuses in core of star.
Afelium: furthest point to Sun. Perihelium: closest point to Sun.
Most people did not know.
Only one group was able to name Europa, Callisto, Ganymede and Io.. most did not know what Galilean moons are.
I already described HR diagram in one post, I really love it though!
There was nebulae, protostar (most people did not recognize it), normal star, red giant, supernova, white dwarf, neutron star and black hole.
Comet has very elliptical orbit and it comes either from Kuiper belt or Oort cloud as I said.
It has two types of tails:
It is iron!